Example of a T-Chart

Looks Like:

Sounds Like:

Eyes on speaker, overhead, or your own notes.

Everyone looks as if they are listening to the speaker.

Hands raised before speaking.

Notes being taken on essential points.

Everyone in seat, except speaker.

If someone disagrees, she/he raises hand to become the speaker. There are no non-verbal expressions of disagreement.

Only one voice at a time can be heard.

Presentation voice is used when you are the speaker.

Questions and comments from the speaker relate the lesson.

No other noise than writing or turning a page of your notes if you are not the current speaker.

All verbal participation sounds respectful--even when you are disagreeing.