There are several ways that you, as a teacher, can move your students to do their best academically. But before we get to those, it might be helpful to keep in mind a few underlying concepts:
Students who repeatedly misbehave are, at the moment, more motivated to misbehave than to behave responsibly. Students who do nothing are more motivated to do nothing than to work at completing assignments.
Work on increasing students’ motivation to engage in desired behaviors while concurrently decreasing their motivation to engage in undesired behaviors.
Most people are motivated to engage in a particular behavior by a complex mix of intrinsic and extrinsic factors.
Use procedures that address both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
As a person’s skill at a task increases, that person is more likely to feel intrinsically motivated to engage in that task.
Ensure student success in the academic and behavioral tasks you assign.
Now, consider using the following techniques to motivate your students.
To increase intrinsic motivation, think about using these four strategies, singly or in combination:
Incorporate these suggestions into the positive feedback you give your students. By doing so, you can significantly increase the probability that your feedback will encourage students to behave more responsibly in the future.
By using these techniques, we believe that you can: (1) maintain the motivation of students who already follow the rules and do their best on assignments; (2) increase the motivation of students who do nothing or only enough to “get by;” and (3) generate the motivation of students who tend to misbehave to behave responsibly.