When a student misbehaves because he isn't aware of when or how often he is engaging in an irresponsible behavior, make sure the student understands how he is supposed to behave, then help him learn to recognize when he is misbehaving. To do this, we suggest the following four-phase intervention plan:
Meet with the student (and his family) to explain and demonstrate the goal behavior. Emphasize the benefits of demonstrating this new behavior. Identify the actions you will take to help him learn the new behavior.
Do not punish a student for awareness-type misbehaviors. Instead, alert the student to his misbehavior and show him the alternative (goal) behavior using one of these methods:
Keep a continuous record of the number of incidents that occur each day and meet with the student (and the student's family) periodically to chart incidents and discuss progress.
If positive feedback doesn't seem sufficient to motivate the student to stop exhibiting the behavior, consider using some type of incentive or reward.
Excerpt from CHAMPs: A Proactive and Positive Approach to Classroom Management